北京塞车pk10下载:如何清理docker产生的垃圾文件

江西多乐彩11选5走势图 www.ptdvv.cn  更新时间:2018年07月04日 15:39:45   作者:知行合一2018   我要评论

这篇文章主要介绍了如何清理docker产生的垃圾文件,小编觉得挺不错的,现在分享给大家,也给大家做个参考。一起跟随小编过来看看吧

无意中感觉磁盘空间不够用,于是使用df -a命令查看,结果令人大吃一惊,全是docker干的好事,在/var/lib/docker/aufs里生成了一堆垃圾:

[email protected]:~$ df -a
文件系统     1K-块   已用  可用 已用% 挂载点
sysfs         0    0    0   - /sys
proc         0    0    0   - /proc
udev      8112832    0 8112832  0% /dev
devpts        0    0    0   - /dev/pts
tmpfs      1627828   9580 1618248  1% /run
/dev/sda6   84293120 77948404 2039772  98% /
securityfs      0    0    0   - /sys/kernel/security
tmpfs      8139124  18040 8121084  1% /dev/shm
tmpfs       5120    4  5116  1% /run/lock
tmpfs      8139124    0 8139124  0% /sys/fs/cgroup
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/systemd
pstore        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/pstore
efivarfs       0    0    0   - /sys/firmware/efi/efivars
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/net_cls,net_prio
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/perf_event
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu,cpuacct
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/pids
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/devices
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/rdma
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/blkio
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/hugetlb
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/freezer
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/memory
systemd-1       -    -    -   - /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc
debugfs        0    0    0   - /sys/kernel/debug
mqueue        0    0    0   - /dev/mqueue
hugetlbfs       0    0    0   - /dev/hugepages
fusectl        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/fuse/connections
configfs       0    0    0   - /sys/kernel/config
/dev/sda1    262144  33084 229060  13% /boot/efi
binfmt_misc      0    0    0   - /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc
tmpfs      1627828    56 1627772  1% /run/user/1000
gvfsd-fuse      0    0    0   - /run/user/1000/gvfs
/dev/sda6   84293120 77948404 2039772  98% /var/lib/docker/aufs

首先使用最简单的方法,清理当前未运行的所有Docker容器:

docker system prune

运行结果如下:

[email protected]:~/code/apollo$ docker system prune
WARNING! This will remove:
  - all stopped containers
  - all volumes not used by at least one container
  - all networks not used by at least one container
  - all dangling images
Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N] y
Deleted Volumes: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Total reclaimed space: 26.96GB

如果空间释放得还够多,就想办法删除/var/lib/docker/aufs文件夹,最朴素的想法是直接删除:

sudo rm -rf /var/lib/docker/aufs

结果令人失望,提示信息如下:

[email protected]:~$ sudo rm -rf /var/lib/docker/aufs
[sudo] davidhopper 的密码: 
rm: 无法删除'/var/lib/docker/aufs': 设备或资源忙

用命令cat /proc/mounts | grep "docker"查找设备加载情况,果然有aufs:

[email protected]:~$ cat /proc/mounts | grep "docker"
/dev/sda6 /var/lib/docker/aufs ext4 rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro,data=ordered 0 0

没办法,逼我用绝招,先缷载设备,再删除之:

sudo umount /var/lib/docker/aufs
sudo rm -rf /var/lib/docker/aufs

再次使用df -a命令查看,结果令人神清气爽:

[email protected]:~$ df -a
文件系统     1K-块   已用   可用 已用% 挂载点
sysfs         0    0    0   - /sys
proc         0    0    0   - /proc
udev      8112832    0 8112832  0% /dev
devpts        0    0    0   - /dev/pts
tmpfs      1627828   9584 1618244  1% /run
/dev/sda6   84293120 65296764 14691412  82% /
securityfs      0    0    0   - /sys/kernel/security
tmpfs      8139124  18256 8120868  1% /dev/shm
tmpfs       5120    4   5116  1% /run/lock
tmpfs      8139124    0 8139124  0% /sys/fs/cgroup
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/systemd
pstore        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/pstore
efivarfs       0    0    0   - /sys/firmware/efi/efivars
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/net_cls,net_prio
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/perf_event
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu,cpuacct
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/pids
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/devices
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/rdma
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/blkio
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/hugetlb
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/freezer
cgroup        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/cgroup/memory
systemd-1       -    -    -   - /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc
debugfs        0    0    0   - /sys/kernel/debug
mqueue        0    0    0   - /dev/mqueue
hugetlbfs       0    0    0   - /dev/hugepages
fusectl        0    0    0   - /sys/fs/fuse/connections
configfs       0    0    0   - /sys/kernel/config
/dev/sda1    262144  33084  229060  13% /boot/efi
binfmt_misc      0    0    0   - /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc
tmpfs      1627828    52 1627776  1% /run/user/1000
gvfsd-fuse      0    0    0   - /run/user/1000/gvfs

为了让docker以后不再占用更多空间,我们指定docker目录的最大空间,命令如下:

mkdir -p /var/lib/docker/devicemapper/devicemapper 
dd if=/dev/zero of=/var/lib/docker/devicemapper/devicemapper/data bs=1M count=0 seek=1024

建立的文件最大尺寸为 1MB * 1024 = 10 GB

注意:

如果删除垃圾文件后,导致Docker无法使用,则可使用如下方法将相关文件全部删除,然后重新安装Docker。删除相关文件的方法如下:

1.查找Docker缓存文件位置

sudo find / -name "docker"

在我机器上结果如下:

/sys/fs/cgroup/memory/docker
/sys/fs/cgroup/blkio/docker
/sys/fs/cgroup/hugetlb/docker
/sys/fs/cgroup/pids/docker
/sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset/docker
/sys/fs/cgroup/perf_event/docker
/sys/fs/cgroup/devices/docker
/sys/fs/cgroup/net_cls,net_prio/docker
/sys/fs/cgroup/freezer/docker
/sys/fs/cgroup/cpu,cpuacct/docker
/sys/fs/cgroup/systemd/docker
/etc/default/docker
/etc/docker
/etc/init.d/docker
/var/lib/docker
/run/docker
find: `/run/user/1000/gvfs': 权限不够
/usr/lib/docker
/usr/share/code/resources/app/extensions/docker
/usr/share/bash-completion/completions/docker
/usr/bin/docker
/home/davidhopper/Qt5.10.0/5.10.0/Src/qtwebengine/src/3rdparty/chromium/third_party/protobuf/jenkins/docker
/home/davidhopper/.cache/bazel/_bazel_davidhopper/install/5b1e8be5d1d6766f635a7db5967707e9/_embedded_binaries/embedded_tools/tools/build_defs/docker
/home/davidhopper/.vscode/extensions/njpwerner.autodocstring-0.2.0/.vscode-test/Visual Studio Code.app/Contents/Resources/app/extensions/docker
/home/davidhopper/code/apollo/docker
/home/davidhopper/code/protobuf-master/jenkins/docker
/home/davidhopper/code/apollo1215/apollo/docker

2.删除Docker缓存

复制代码 代码如下:
sudo rm -rf /home/davidhopper/.cache/bazel/_bazel_davidhopper/install/5b1e8be5d1d6766f635a7db5967707e9/_embedded_binaries/embedded_tools/tools/build_defs/docker

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。

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